Study Group for Roman Pottery

National Research Framework: North of Britain

Background II

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RESEARCH FRAMEWORK FOR THE STUDY OF ROMAN POTTERY IN THE NORTH OF BRITAIN

Edited by Jeremy Evans & Steven Willis on behalf of the SGRP, Northern Regional Group. October 1997; selectively revised 2002

2. BACKGROUND II: SITES EXPLORED

Table 1 (after Evans 1995a) shows the proportion of excavations conducted at different types of site in the four Britannia regions represented by the Northern Regional Group of the Study Group for Roman Pottery between 1969 and 1989, with the fifth column showing the comparable data for all regions of the United Kingdom. Not surprisingly in our area military sites have clearly received much attention.


Region

Wales

*Scotland

Hadrian's Wall

Northern England

All UK

Site Type

Fort

47%

82%

71%

33%

21%


Vicus

9%

8%

4%

11%

4%


Hillfort

5%

3%

0%

1%

1%


Town

18%

0%

11%

23%

31%


Villa

4%

0%

0%

10%

14%


Rural

13%

7%

11%

13%

17%


Other

4%

0%

3%

8%

13%


N

210

146

140

511

3016


Table 1: The incidence of excavations on Roman sites (during the period 1969-89) by site type and Britannia region. (* The absence of Roman period material from some sites of this date may result in under-reporting here).

The table emphasizes that across the UK generally rural sites are grossly under-represented (only 16.7% of all the sites listed). However, in our region rural sites are the most poorly represented, apart from London. Fort sites are very strongly represented, but their associated civil communities have seen very little investigation. Future work undertaken in the North should bear this imbalance in mind. In Scotland, in particular, there is a strong need for more work on rural sites, vici, cemeteries, temporary camps and annexes.

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