Study Group for Roman Pottery

National Research Framework: Southern England

Industries/kilns

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RESEARCH FRAMEWORK FOR THE STUDY OF ROMAN POTTERY IN SOUTHERN ENGLAND 1997

Edited by Suzanne Huson on behalf of The Study Group for Roman Pottery, Southern Regional Group October 1997; selectively revised 2002

2. RESEARCH & PUBLICATION PRIORITIES: INDUSTRIES / KILNS

(Listed alphabetically).

2.1 Alice Holt/Farnham

The 1974 and 1977-9 excavations remain unpublished, although Malcolm Lyne hopes these will soon appear in the Journal of Roman Pottery Studies. They are very important for dating sites over much of Surrey, NE Hants and West Sussex because they provide a stratified sequence. This is particularly important in view of the fact that Millett's (1979) seriation of the industry has been questioned (Orton et al. 1993).

2.2 Ashtead, Surrey

There was probably some manufacture of pottery as well as tile on the site. A re-assessment of the dating of the pottery in the immediate area, and the history of the villa and tile industry would be valuable, perhaps in conjunction with the material from nearby Ewell, which the site possibly supplied.

2.3 Eccles, Kent

This is an extra-ordinary pottery production site, producing forms which draw on Gallo-Belgic, Lyon and other imported traditions, associated with an abnormal villa. Publication of the kiln group is partial (Detsicas 1977), and work towards full publication, incorporating consideration of the relationship between the kiln and the villa, should be encouraged and supported.

2.4 Hadham

A corpus of Hadham wares is needed. This could be linked to the publication of kilns, including the early material from the pits at Bramley Hall Farm kiln site, which is probably of more than local significance.

2.5 The New Forest industry

Recent work in the area suggests an earlier start date for the industry than previously believed and, moreover, that minor details of form/decoration are evidently chronologically significant. This highlights both how important it is for new work relating to the industry to be supported by publication, and that it is desirable that New Forest Ware be liberally illustrated, not just quoted using Fulford (1975) type numbers. These means provide the way forward for enhancing our understanding of the chronology of this major industry.

2.6 Overwey, Surrey

Identification of other Overwey production sites and scientific analysis of the ware is needed. Its distribution across the south-east, and beyond, needs to be traced as do the types of site contexts that these products occur within; recent work in Surrey suggests that there may be social/cultural restrictions on its deposition, and perhaps, therefore, its distribution.

2.7 Patch-grove

The site has important potential for helping to understand the continuation of the hand-made grog-tempered ware tradition of the region. Work to promote publication should be supported.

2.8 Rowlands Castle

The kiln and its products remain unpublished. An interesting aspect of the industry is the incising of 'batch-marks' on cooking-pots before firing. These marks were in use from c. AD 120-250 and have considerable variety. Their function and distribution needs to be studied.

2.9 Shedfield industry

Many new kilns have been excavated by G. Soffle, and due to the shortage of published kilns in the Sussex/East Hants region, publication of these must be a priority.

2.10 Upchurch wares

The Monaghan type-series (1987) is a summary and its use would benefit from the publication of the kiln groups. Cooling, for example, is significant with regard to military supply to the North of Britain, while the Iwade Upchurch kilns, of Trajanic-Hadrianic date, are important for the kiln structures as well as their early pottery. Similarly the recently excavated late Iron Age - early Romano-British kilns on the Upchurch Marshes require publication.

2.11 Verulamium and North Kent

Work on the late industries is needed and the second century material from London could contribute to this study.

2.12 Wickham Barns, Lewes

A major new kiln site here has recently been excavated. It is early-mid 3rd century in date and seems to have New Forest connections both in kiln design and products. It is hoped that there will be adequate funds to publish it.

2.13 Wiggonholt/Pulborough

A sophisticated production site, making Samian, mortaria, mural form crown pots and most probably fine wares, including colour-coated beakers. It is thought that the published material (Evans 1974) represents a very small proportion of what was found. Products were marketed across Sussex, SE Hants, Surrey, London and Herts (see also under Area Studies, below).

2.14 LIA/early Roman transition

It is recommended that research be carried out on the state of native industries in the immediate pre-Conquest period and examine to what extent Roman products reached Britain.

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