J, Upchurch and Thameside Roman Pottery: A ceramic typology
for northern Kent, first to third centuries AD., B.A.R.
British Series 173, Oxford, 1987.
This is indeed the "long overdue" study
of North Kent pottery production whose need was recognised by
Vivien Swan in the first edition of Pottery in Roman Britain (see
entry 561, below). It is a very competent and
comprehensive summary of the nature of the industry and its
products, providing a reasoned and well- illustrated
type-series. It also contains very useful chapters on 'The
geographical, social and economic background', 'Production
sites', 'Production' (including a much-needed discussion
of the common names "BB2", "Upchurch Ware",
"Hoo Ware", "Streak Burnished Ware",
"Upchurch Painted Ware", "London Ware" and
"Thames Shelly Ware"), 'Distribution' and 'The
History of the Industries'. It is clear that in particular
many of the both fine and coarse grey wares previously thought
to have been made at London or Colchester may in fact have come
from North Kent: while further analyses on all of these wares
are awaited, perhaps the types in question should be referred to
as N. Kent/London/Essex wares - for dating purposes they might
as well all be part of a single industry, like Central Gaul!
*558Pollard, R J, The Roman Pottery of Kent, Kent
Archaeological Society Monograph Series V, 1988.
syn/(all site types)/lst BC-5th AD/seq
ppr/rsx/upc/vrr/wse/(an extensive range of wares found in
Kent are discussed and described; samian and amphorae are
presented in less detail than local and R-B wares, but their
role in supply is discussed in depth).
The overall objective of the study is the
elucidation of the whole network of pottery production,
importation and distribution within a spatially-defined area
throughout the whole of the Roman period, insofar as the
available data allows this. The study of continuity and change
over time is integral to the work, and to this end the late Iron
Age and the 5th century are also examined in the main, it is the
period from the mid 1st to the early 5th centuries AD that is
the focus of attention. The major portion of this study is
devoted to the description of the pottery itself and of the
industries that produced it within Kent and south-east London.
The aim of the descriptive chapters is to present a generalised
pattern of spatial variation and temporal development in pottery
forms and fabrics, and in the composition of assemblages as a
The south-east of Britain, unlike the northern
military zone, generally does not provide a large body of data
relating to absolute chronology. However, a relative pottery
chronology has been established, from which ceramic
"phases" may be induced. These phases are described at
assemblage level, stressing the typical components of such
assemblages, when ever possible in a quantified form.
Jaccard's correlation coefficient is used to assist
The pottery industries of Kent,
including the clusters of kiln-sites around the Thames and
Medway estuaries (see also Monaghan's
||work, entry no 557),
and around Canterbury are studied both from the
chronological and organisational standpoints, the latter using
Peacock's model of modes of production (see entry no 162, Vol
1). Five appendices list the sites studied; the fabrics and
their occurrences; the sources of continental and british
fabrics; and a selection of assemblages quantified by vessel rim
equivalents (E.V.E.'s) by the author. The book is accompanied
by 215 pottery illustrations (not a reference type
series), and 54 maps depicting distributions of sites and
The book is in many ways complementary to
Monaghan's thesis (entry no 557) and to Swan's seminal study
of pottery kilns (entry no 164, Vol 1). It is an abridged
version of the author's doctoral thesis, completed in 1982,
and minimally updated for publication.
Location: various (listed in appendix)
559 Rice, P M, Pottery Analysis: A Sourcebook, University
of Chicago Press, 1987.
A recent American work which contains useful summaries of
ethnographic approaches and a comprehensive range of physio-
chemical techniques for scientific analysis. Examples are drawn
from a very wide geographical and chronological spectrum,
including both material from Roman Britain and pottery 'pubic
covers' from Brazil.
♦560 Roberts, W I IVth, Romano-Saxon Pottery, BAR
British Series 106, 1982.
This volume piles up an enormous amount of
rubbish through a very broad definition of its subject, which
does tend to obscure the fact that 'rsx' really comes down
to some of the decorated products of Hadham and other East
Anglian kilns. See N P Wickenden, Excavations at Great Dunmow:
A Romano-British Small Town in the Trinovantian Civitas, 1988,
71-73, for current thoughts on dating.
+561 Swan, V G, Pottery in Roman Britain, Fourth
edition, Shire Archaeology, Princes Risborough, Bucks.,
('col tronconique')/wrm/samian mould/slm/soc/som/spc/waw
A considerable amount of effort and thought has
obviously gone into this fourth edition of what was already a
'market-leading' popular book. It now contains more drawings
and has been re-written to incorporate a great deal of new
information. It serves its purpose, as a basic guide aimed at
the general public, admirably.
♣562 Webster, P V (with contributions by G B
Dannell), Roman Samian Ware: Background Notes, 3rd
Edition, Dept. of Extra- Mural Studies, University College,
Third edition of an introductory booklet. Text has been revised
and expanded from earlier editions with some revision of dates.
South Gaulish decorative details (alter Knorr) appear at full
scale and numbered (Knorr's are 1:2 and un-numbered).