of Roman Pottery Studies
Vol 2, 1989 pages 110/5
Catriona Turner & (*)R P Symonds
220 Birss, R, 'The potters
behind the potsherds', Essex Arch. News
Vol 78, 1982 (Spring), 4-5 & cover illustration.
This short note draws attention to a distinctive type of
shaped rouletting found on a range of 3rd century forms (seven
are listed) from three of the six kilns which produced grey
at Mucking. This rouletting is virtually unknown outside Essex
and is assumed to be original to Mucking. It is suggested that
this stylistic originality may be the only type of evidence
can provide an insight into potters making grey wares. Thus, the
Mucking potters may have been estate workers who were
part-time potters rather than itinerant craftsmen. (See also
Rodwell, W J, in Jones, M U & Rodwell, W J, 'The Romano-
British Pottery Kilns at Mucking', Essex Arch. & Hist. Vol
1973, 13-47, for illustrated examples).
Location: British Museum Store, The Old Post Office Building,
23 Blythe Road, London Wl4 OQP
(158) Braithwaite, G, 'Romano-British Face Pots and
Head Pots', Britannia Vol 15, 1984, (99-131),
105, 107, 119 & 121. (This paper was entered in the
Bibliography of JRPS Vol 1, as no. 158: it is
repeated here for its particular relevance to Essex).
syn/cem~kln,wlt,twn,re1Jrnid lst-4th/typ clo/fcp/gry/grf/hax/osf/clb
Face pots: The Colchester group forms one of the nine defined
groups. The author suggests that smooth, light buff wares were
almost certainly made in Colchester from as early as the mid 1st
century AD, i.e. earlier than Hull's starting date of c 120
(Hull, Roman Colchester, 285). This revision is made on
the basis of a single probable Colchester product found in a
sealed context at Camelon, north of the Antonine Wall. The
latter is the only example of a Colchester face pot known
outside the Essex area. From the mid 3rd century onwards the
kilns were producing grey ware face pots in addition to those in
coarse buff fabrics. The similarities between the Colchester
grey wares and those of the Suffolk group are noted. Imported
face pots in Colchester include late 3rd and 4th century Hadham
Head pots: Of the only two known examples of
Parchment ware type pots in Britain, one is a painted vessel
from Colchester. Another head pot from Colchester is in a fine
dark grey ware of the Suffolk & Essex group. Thus, by far
the majority of both types are from Colchester (this includes
all seven illustrated Essex examples in the report). Buff ware
face pots are known to have been used as cremation vessels and
one has been recovered from the 'Mithraeum'. Elsewhere in
the county a probable Colchester buff ware face pot has been
found on a Roman cemetery site at Billericay and Hadham ware
face pots have been recorded from both Kelvedon and Great
Chesterford (though no details are given concerning the
circumstances of their discovery).
M, 'A Roman Graffito from Essex', Britannia Vol
15, 1984, 238-239 &: p1153.
exc/vil,fls/mid to late 3rd/usf nyc
Note on a Nene Valley colour-coated ware beaker rim sherd with a
post-firing graffito, possibly part of a human face or possibly
a phallic motif; from a mid-late 3rd rubbish pit in a field
associated with a villa in St Osyth Priory Park, near
Colchester. Various interpretations are suggested, with detailed
references to British and continental 'parallels'.
222 Draper, I, 'Excavations by Mr H P Cooper on the
Roman Site at Hill Farm, Gestingthorpe, Essex', East
Anglian Arch. Vol 25, 1985, 82-97 (pottery section).
exc,flw/rur,?vil,?rel/mid 1st-late 4th/usf
The pottery section is composed of separate specialist reports
based on material collected over a period of 25 years. Not all
of the pottery has been kept and in particular the Iron Age and
Roman grey wares are likely to be under-represented. To some
extent the pottery suffers from lack of context but its
usefulness lies in the range of forms and fabrics found on a
site (now scheduled) which was intensively occupied throughout
the Roman period. The individual reports contain some
informative points and the illustrations are good.
Rodwell, W, 'Samian ware', 82-86: Probable Colchester
samian, including a f.37 with motifs resembling those of
Colchester Potter C; useful notes on effects of different soil
conditions in Essex on state of survival of samian;
Gestingthorpe fits in with other late Antonine 'fire-groups'
Jenkins, F, 'Pipe-clay Venus', 84,86: Figurine typical of
Romano-Celtic temple sites.
Toiler, H, 'The other pottery', 86-89: no quantitative
detailed catalogue of illustrated material; all provenanced
pottery illustrated together with other intrinsically
interesting pieces, useful observations on Hadham and Oxford
oxidised wares, Nene Valley and Colchester colour-coated wares
and on Romano-Saxon greywares, these last include one unusual
's'-stamped decorated sherd (no 555).
Hartley, K F, 'Mortaria', 95-97: almost all supplies
probably Coichester) until the mid 3rd; one stamped Martinus II
and one with three circular stamps
Going, CJ, 'Romanamphorae' ,97:four pieces described
one Dr 18; dating external for all.
Location: Mr HP Cooper (landowner), Hill Farm, Gestingthorpe,
Halstead, Essex C09 3BL