Study Group for Roman Pottery

Roman Pottery Bibliography

Essex: page 1

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Journal of Roman Pottery Studies  Vol 2, 1989 pages 110/5
Catriona Turner & (*)R P Symonds
220 Birss, R, 'The potters behind the potsherds', Essex Arch. News
Vol 78, 1982 (Spring), 4-5 & cover illustration.
oth/kln,ptp,rrs/3rd/usf
leg
This short note draws attention to a distinctive type of diamond-
shaped rouletting found on a range of 3rd century forms (seven
are listed) from three of the six kilns which produced grey wares
at Mucking. This rouletting is virtually unknown outside Essex
and is assumed to be original to Mucking. It is suggested that
this stylistic originality may be the only type of evidence which
can provide an insight into potters making grey wares. Thus, the
Mucking potters may have been estate workers who were
part-time potters rather than itinerant craftsmen. (See also Rodwell, W J, in Jones, M U & Rodwell, W J, 'The Romano- British Pottery Kilns at Mucking', Essex Arch. & Hist. Vol 5,
1973, 13-47, for illustrated examples).
Location: British Museum Store, The Old Post Office Building,
23 Blythe Road, London Wl4 OQP

(158) Braithwaite, G, 'Romano-British Face Pots and Head Pots', Britannia Vol 15, 1984, (99-131), 105, 107, 119 & 121. (This paper was entered in the Bibliography of JRPS Vol 1, as no. 158: it is repeated here for its particular relevance to Essex).
syn/cem~kln,wlt,twn,re1Jrnid lst-4th/typ clo/fcp/gry/grf/hax/osf/clb
Face pots: The Colchester group forms one of the nine defined groups. The author suggests that smooth, light buff wares were almost certainly made in Colchester from as early as the mid 1st century AD, i.e. earlier than Hull's starting date of c 120 (Hull, Roman Colchester, 285). This revision is made on the basis of a single probable Colchester product found in a sealed context at Camelon, north of the Antonine Wall. The latter is the only example of a Colchester face pot known outside the Essex area. From the mid 3rd century onwards the kilns were producing grey ware face pots in addition to those in coarse buff fabrics. The similarities between the Colchester grey wares and those of the Suffolk group are noted. Imported face pots in Colchester include late 3rd and 4th century Hadham oxidised wares.
   Head pots: Of the only two known examples of Parchment ware type pots in Britain, one is a painted vessel from Colchester. Another head pot from Colchester is in a fine dark grey ware of the Suffolk & Essex group. Thus, by far the majority of both types are from Colchester (this includes all seven illustrated Essex examples in the report). Buff ware face pots are known to have been used as cremation vessels and one has been recovered from the 'Mithraeum'. Elsewhere in the county a probable Colchester buff ware face pot has been found on a Roman cemetery site at Billericay and Hadham ware face pots have been recorded from both Kelvedon and Great Chesterford (though no details are given concerning the circumstances of their discovery).
    221 Corbishley, M, 'A Roman Graffito from Essex', Britannia Vol
15, 1984, 238-239 &: p1153.
exc/vil,fls/mid to late 3rd/usf nyc
Note on a Nene Valley colour-coated ware beaker rim sherd with a post-firing graffito, possibly part of a human face or possibly a phallic motif; from a mid-late 3rd rubbish pit in a field associated with a villa in St Osyth Priory Park, near Colchester. Various interpretations are suggested, with detailed references to British and continental 'parallels'.

222 Draper, I, 'Excavations by Mr H P Cooper on the Roman Site at Hill Farm, Gestingthorpe, Essex', East Anglian Arch. Vol 25, 1985, 82-97 (pottery section).
exc,flw/rur,?vil,?rel/mid 1st-late 4th/usf
amp/sts/cts/mvs/ets/cls/clc/clm/clo/hax/har/ira/lcg/lrh/nvc/lnm/ mro/oxm/orc/rhn/esh/lsh/wht/wse/rsx/mek/ham/esm
The pottery section is composed of separate specialist reports based on material collected over a period of 25 years. Not all of the pottery has been kept and in particular the Iron Age and Roman grey wares are likely to be under-represented. To some extent the pottery suffers from lack of context but its usefulness lies in the range of forms and fabrics found on a site (now scheduled) which was intensively occupied throughout the Roman period. The individual reports contain some informative points and the illustrations are good.
Rodwell, W, 'Samian ware', 82-86: Probable Colchester samian, including a f.37 with motifs resembling those of Colchester Potter C; useful notes on effects of different soil conditions in Essex on state of survival of samian; Gestingthorpe fits in with other late Antonine 'fire-groups' in Essex.
Jenkins, F, 'Pipe-clay Venus', 84,86: Figurine typical of Gaulish
Romano-Celtic temple sites.
Toiler, H, 'The other pottery', 86-89: no quantitative analysis but
detailed catalogue of illustrated material; all provenanced pottery illustrated together with other intrinsically interesting pieces, useful observations on Hadham and Oxford oxidised wares, Nene Valley and Colchester colour-coated wares and on Romano-Saxon greywares, these last include one unusual 's'-stamped decorated sherd (no 555).
Hartley, K F, 'Mortaria', 95-97: almost all supplies local (most
probably Coichester) until the mid 3rd; one stamped Martinus II and one with three circular stamps
Going, CJ, 'Romanamphorae' ,97:four pieces described including
one Dr 18; dating external for all.
Location: Mr HP Cooper (landowner), Hill Farm, Gestingthorpe,
Halstead, Essex C09 3BL

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