Study Group for Roman Pottery

Roman Pottery Bibliography

Essex: page 3

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227 Dannell, G, 'The samian ware - discussion and conclusions', in entry no. 226, 85-91. See also, in microfiche,
Ml: Al3-l4, B M Dickinson, 'The samian stamps from the cremation groups'
M2: Bl1-D2, G B Dannell, 'Catalogue of decorated samian'
M2: D3-l4, G B Dannell, 'Catalogue of plain samian'
M2: El-6, B M Dickinson, 'The porters' stamps on samian ware' For site & location details, see entry no. 226.
A wide range of forms, including inkwells, was found and these are catalogued in detail in microfiche with only a summary and the illustrations published in the main volume. The 1970 material has produced supporting evidence for the theory (Camulodunum, Hawkes & Hull, 1947) that Camulodunum was supplied with samian from Italy and Gaul before the conquest. Sheepen has yielded a higher quantity of decorated samian of the Tiberian period from La Graufesenque than any other contemporary British site. The generally larger quantities of samian at Camulodunum than at other contemporary British sites are used to suggest that contra Strabo, supplies may well have arrived via the Rhineland.

228 Hartley, K F, 'The mortaria - discussion and conclusions', in
entry no, 226, 92-97. See also, in microfiche, M2: E7-E11, Hartley, K F, 'The mortaria' M2: E12-F3, 'The mortaria type series' M2: F3-G5: Hartley, K F, 'Catalogue of the mortaria' For site & location details, see entry no. 226.
clm/lgm/mro/vrr/vrm/Gallia Belgica mort/Central France -Aoste
mort./?S E England mort./Mayen most.
See also entry no. 232.
Some fifty-five types of mortaria in twenty-eight fabrics from a variety of sources in Gaul, Germany and Britain are represented. These are divided into early wall-sided and flanged forms, with slightly more of the latter. None can be attributed with certainty to the pm-conquest period.
The value of this group lies in the amount of Claudian and early Neronian products which are rarely found in any quantity in Britain.  However, there is a notable lack of late Flavian or early 2nd century forms and neither has Sheepen produced any evidence for the early manufacture of Colchester mortaria as might have been expected. Only five are of 2nd century date and none of these are likely to be later than AD 170/180.
There is a useful discussion section on British and continental sources of early mortaria. Similarities are noted between this assemblage and that at Richborough and it is suggested that many of the imported vessels at both sites may have come via the same suppliers.

229 Niblett, R, 'The coarse pottery - discussion and conclusions', in entry no. 226,48-73. See also, in microfiche,
Ml: B4-D3, Niblett, R, 'The coarse pottery'
Ml: D3-D4, Niblett, R, 'The strainer bowls (Fig 33)'
Ml: D4-D9, Niblett, R, 'The imported fine wares'
Ml: D9-DlO, Tyers, P A, 'Note on imported Central Gaulish jars'
Ml: Dl0-D12, Niblett, R, 'The non-pottery ceramics (Fig 34)'
For site & location details, see entry no.226.
shell/white-slipped oxidised wares/'native' coarse wares (grog
+ other inc.)
    The coarse wares from the 1970 excavations were found to fall into the same chronological limits as the Camulodunum material and therefore the report consists of a list of Cam types present in each deposit (Features catalogue, 28-43) with only selected groups published more fully. Of these groups, the Period I (pm-conquest) pottery is closely examined for possible 1st century BC forms in an attempt to find contemporary material that might have been associated with the high numbers of Dressel 1 amphoras present at Sheepen (see entry nos. 231 & 235).
Although present these early forms were not sufficient in numbers to suggest dense occupation before Period I and none were exclusively 1st century BC in date, but they do provide valuable comparative material for studies elsewhere. Minor revisions are made to Hull's dating of individual forms (Camulodunum, Hawkes & Hull, 1947) and his three main fabric groups are expanded to eight. Fluctuations in the incidence of certain types in the period c AD 43-65 are recorded and it is further suggested that changes or innovations were indicative of immigrant potters. Differences between the Sheepen assemblage and that of the nearby late Iron Age cemetery at Lexden are briefly considered.

230 Rigby, V, 'The Gallo-Belgic wares - discussion and conclusions', in entry 226,74-82. See also, in microfiche, Ml: D12-Fll, Rigby, V. 'The Gallo-Belgic wares' Ml: Fl2-Gl4, & M2: A2-B5, Rigby, V, 'Gallo-Belgic imports forms For site & location details, see entry no. 226.
The 1970 excavations produced the largest group of Gallo-Belgic wares to have been found in Britain in recent times. The assemblage has a high proportion of complete profiles and a total of 104 stamps, in both TN and TR, of which only 6 are not classifiable. These stamps are of particular importance and many are illustrated on Fig. 35., Firstly, there are repeated associations of specific dies with particular fabrics and form variants giving evidence of specialisation among potters. Secondly, the stamp list suggests that about two-thirds of Britain's supply came from a fairly small group of potters. Thirdly, the group contains a high proportion of stamps not previously known in Britain.
Most of the Gallo-Belgic wares from Sheepen are post-conquest and Claudian-Neronian in date, with only a little material of Augustan and pm- Claudian date. This matches the assemblage from Camulodunum Hawkes & Hull, 1947), where there was also a similar shortage of early stamps but higher numbers of later ones. There are some additional new forms and variants to supplement the Camulodunum series.

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