Dannell, G, 'The samian ware - discussion and conclusions',
in entry no. 226, 85-91. See also, in microfiche,
Ml: Al3-l4, B M Dickinson, 'The samian stamps from the
M2: Bl1-D2, G B Dannell, 'Catalogue of decorated samian'
M2: D3-l4, G B Dannell, 'Catalogue of plain samian'
M2: El-6, B M Dickinson, 'The porters' stamps on samian
ware' For site & location details, see entry no. 226.
A wide range of forms, including inkwells, was found and these
are catalogued in detail in microfiche with only a summary and
the illustrations published in the main volume. The 1970
material has produced supporting evidence for the theory (Camulodunum,
Hawkes & Hull, 1947) that Camulodunum was supplied with
samian from Italy and Gaul before the conquest. Sheepen has
yielded a higher quantity of decorated samian of the Tiberian
period from La Graufesenque than any other contemporary British
site. The generally larger quantities of samian at Camulodunum
than at other contemporary British sites are used to suggest
that contra Strabo, supplies may well have arrived via
228 Hartley, K F, 'The mortaria -
discussion and conclusions', in
entry no, 226, 92-97. See also, in microfiche, M2: E7-E11,
Hartley, K F, 'The mortaria' M2: E12-F3, 'The mortaria
type series' M2: F3-G5: Hartley, K F, 'Catalogue of the
mortaria' For site & location details, see entry no. 226.
clm/lgm/mro/vrr/vrm/Gallia Belgica mort/Central France -Aoste
mort./?S E England mort./Mayen most.
See also entry no. 232.
Some fifty-five types of mortaria in twenty-eight fabrics from a
variety of sources in Gaul, Germany and Britain are represented.
These are divided into early wall-sided and flanged forms, with
slightly more of the latter. None can be attributed with
certainty to the pm-conquest period.
The value of this group lies in the amount of Claudian and early
Neronian products which are rarely found in any quantity in
Britain. However, there is a notable lack of late Flavian
or early 2nd century forms and neither has Sheepen produced any
evidence for the early manufacture of Colchester mortaria as
might have been expected. Only five are of 2nd century date and
none of these are likely to be later than AD 170/180.
There is a useful discussion section on British and continental
sources of early mortaria. Similarities are noted between this
assemblage and that at Richborough and it is suggested that many
of the imported vessels at both sites may have come via the same
229 Niblett, R, 'The coarse pottery - discussion and
conclusions', in entry no. 226,48-73. See also, in microfiche,
Ml: B4-D3, Niblett, R, 'The coarse pottery'
Ml: D3-D4, Niblett, R, 'The strainer bowls (Fig 33)'
Ml: D4-D9, Niblett, R, 'The imported fine wares'
Ml: D9-DlO, Tyers, P A, 'Note on imported Central Gaulish
Ml: Dl0-D12, Niblett, R, 'The non-pottery ceramics (Fig 34)'
For site & location details, see entry no.226.
shell/white-slipped oxidised wares/'native' coarse wares
+ other inc.)
coarse wares from the 1970 excavations were found to fall into
the same chronological limits as the Camulodunum material and
therefore the report consists of a list of Cam types present in
each deposit (Features catalogue, 28-43) with only selected
groups published more fully. Of these groups, the Period I
(pm-conquest) pottery is closely examined for possible 1st
century BC forms in an attempt to find contemporary material
that might have been associated with the high numbers of Dressel
1 amphoras present at Sheepen (see entry nos. 231 & 235).
Although present these early forms were not sufficient in
numbers to suggest dense occupation before Period I and none
were exclusively 1st century BC in date, but they do provide
valuable comparative material for studies elsewhere. Minor
revisions are made to Hull's dating of individual forms (Camulodunum,
Hawkes & Hull, 1947) and his three main fabric groups
are expanded to eight. Fluctuations in the incidence of certain
types in the period c AD 43-65 are recorded and it is
further suggested that changes or innovations were indicative of
immigrant potters. Differences between the Sheepen assemblage
and that of the nearby late Iron Age cemetery at Lexden are
230 Rigby, V, 'The Gallo-Belgic wares - discussion and
conclusions', in entry 226,74-82. See also, in microfiche, Ml:
D12-Fll, Rigby, V. 'The Gallo-Belgic wares' Ml: Fl2-Gl4,
& M2: A2-B5, Rigby, V, 'Gallo-Belgic imports
forms For site & location details, see entry no. 226.
The 1970 excavations produced the largest group of Gallo-Belgic
wares to have been found in Britain in recent times. The
assemblage has a high proportion of complete profiles and a
total of 104 stamps, in both TN and TR, of which only 6 are not
classifiable. These stamps are of particular importance and many
are illustrated on Fig. 35., Firstly, there are repeated
associations of specific dies with particular fabrics and form
variants giving evidence of specialisation among potters.
Secondly, the stamp list suggests that about two-thirds of
Britain's supply came from a fairly small group of potters.
Thirdly, the group contains a high proportion of stamps not
previously known in Britain.
Most of the Gallo-Belgic wares from Sheepen are post-conquest
and Claudian-Neronian in date, with only a little material of
Augustan and pm- Claudian date. This matches the assemblage from
Camulodunum Hawkes & Hull, 1947), where there was
also a similar shortage of early stamps but higher numbers of
later ones. There are some additional new forms and variants to
supplement the Camulodunum series.