Study Group for Roman Pottery

Roman Pottery Bibliography

Essex: page 5

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235 Sealey, PR, Amphoras from the 1970 Excavations at Colchester Sheepen, BAR. British Series 142, Oxford, 1985.
exc/ind/lst BC - Flavian-early 2nd/typ amp
See also entry no. 231.
This important work contains a more comprehensive assessment of the amphora evidence previously published as part of the Sheepen excavation report (entry no. 231). That it merits a separate volume is justified by the wider significance of the group, beyond its local interest. The statistical study made possible by the size of the group (a minimum of 135 vessels, most of which date from c AD 43-60/1) has implications for the understanding of trade patterns at the time of the Roman conquest, for the study of the scale of Julio-Claudian viticulture, and for the assessment of the importance of trade with the Iberian provinces in the Claudian-Neronian period.
The summary section at the beginning is reproduced with amendments from the 1985 excavation report. This is followed by a substantial section (Part I) devoted to the discussion of each of the nine amphora types found, as well as unidentified types and stoppers, under the headings of typology and classification, fabric, capacity, provenance, contents and chronology. Part U examines two aspects, the problem of the incidence of Dressel 1 amphoras in later contexts and the chronology of the assemblage (further stratigraphic information is detailed in the excavation report). Part II deals with the Sheepen amphoras as source material for economic history in terms of quantification and comparison of assemblages, the wine trade and the ascendancy of the Spanish provinces.
Thin-section results for 63 of the vessels are accounted for in a separate specialist report, by D F Williams, 'Petrological examination of amphorae from Coichester Sheepen' (153-166).
The volume is well illustrated and there are extensive references to inscriptions and historical sources. Also noteworthy is the Appendix which gives a synopsis of a newly identified category of amphora, 'London 555', of Baetican origin, which contained olives and/or de frutum and is dated to c AD 50-125. Sherds of this type were found in the 1930- 39 excavations, but not in the 1970 excavations at Sheepen.
Location: Colchester & Essex Museum

236 Simpson, 0, 'A revised dating for the Colchester Samian Kiln', Essex Arch. & Hist Vol 14 (1982), 1983, 149-153.
oth/kln/mid 2nd cls
The identification and dating of samian forms from Colchester Kiln 21 by Hull (Roman Colchester, 1958, & The Roman Potters' Kilns of Colchester, 1963) is re-examined and his previous dating (of c 190-200 and c 175-210 respectively is found to be too late. The results of chemical analysis undertaken in 1979-80 are taken into account together with other publications since Hull, and the author concludes that Potters A and B undoubtedly worked at Colchester but Potter C was unlikely to have worked there (no moulds found), but instead was more likely to have worked at Sinzig c 150, and Porter D-style sherds are probably also from a continental source.
Editor's note: this revised dating is not in agreement with the dating proposed in entry no. 234 (Rodwell 1983) in the same volume of Essex Arch. & Hist.. While Simpson's dating is based 
    principally on the connexions between Trier Werkstatt I, Sinzig and Colchester (also examined elsewhere in this volume of JRPS, in Storey, Symonds, Hart, Smith & Walsh), Rodwell's is based on the vessel-types apparently made at Colchester. Future work may well be able to go some way toward resolving this problem. Location: Colchester & Essex Museum

*237 Shimmin, D & Symonds, R P, 'Unusual Roman burial', Catalogue Vol 20, Newsletter of the Colchester Archaeological Trust, 1987 (Winter), 11-12 & front cover of newsletter. 
wbf/mjc,wlt/probably 3rd/usf
amp/lcg (Thb2-type)
The report of the discovery of an amphora burial chamber containing a remarkable large grey jar, which in turn contained a cremation. This report includes a detailed description of the discovery and excavation of the vessels, but only a cursory paragraph on the vessels themselves: the discussion of the latter is to be found in this volume of JRPS, in Symonds, R P & Wade, S M, 'A large grey ware cremation jar found inside a whole amphora at Colchester'. The photograph of the vessels (after reconstruction) on the cover of the newsletter is the real justification for the inclusion of this entry. 
Location: Colchester Archaeological Trust (but ultimately destined for Colchester & Essex Museum)

238 Symonds, R P. 'Another First for Colchester', Catalogue Vol
20, Newsletter of the Colchester Archaeological Trust, 1987 (Winter), 10.
An important note on a Peacock & Williams Class 7 (Dr 21-22; see entry no. 365) Italian amphora thought to be the first of its type recognised in Britain. It is slightly different from standard Class 7 forms (see reconstruction drawing) and has an 'enigmatic' painted inscription just below the rim. Class 7 amphorae probably contained fruit.
Location: Colchester Archaeological Trust (but ultimately destined for Colchester & Essex Museum)

239 Symonds, R P (with a contribution by K F Hartley), 'Summary
of the products of the Roman kiln Fl019 at Middleborough', Appendix 13, in Crummy, P. Excavations at Lion Walk, Balkerne Lane and Middleborough, Colchester, Essex, Colchester Arch. Report Vol 3, 1984, microfiche supplement, 360-364.
exc,slr/mjc,wk,vil,kln/Flavian to Flavian-Trajanic (kiln)/usf
Colchester kiln 36 produced a range of white ware flagons and mortaria and grey ware jars and reeded-rim bowls - see Fig. 13 for representative examples. The same forms have been found elsewhere in Colchester in contexts dating from the last quarter of the 1st century to the first quarter of the 2nd century. There is a separate note on the mortaria stamped Vebri by K F Hartley, who finds similarities with those from the Verulamium region. 
This report will be superceded by a future Roman pottery volume in the CAR series.
Location: Colchester Archaeological Trust (but ultimately destined for Colchester & Essex Museum)

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