Study Group for Roman Pottery

Roman Pottery Bibliography

Departments of France: page 12c

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12 Aveyron continued:
and also Carrade (further west on the Lot) are workshops heavily influenced by La Graufesenque -Espalion is described here as a satellite to that major production centre - whereas they show, by contrast, no influence at all of either Banassac or Montans.

Journal of Roman Pottery Studies  Vol 11, 2004 page 145
1404  Bémont C, 'La normalisation des formes lisses à la Graufesenque: observations critiques et orientations de recherche', Annales de Pegasus, 1990-91, 15-17
syn/ptp/ mid 1st
Further comment on the Fosse Malaval I (= Fosse Gallicanus) deposit, giving some useful figures and comments on standardisation, including histograms of form 18 sizes.

Journal of Roman Pottery Studies  Vol 11, 2004 page 146
1408  Dannell, GB, 'Preliminary information about the Dragendorff form 29s found in the Fosse Malaval', Annales de Pegasus, 1990-1, 61-2
syn, exc/ptp/ggp/mid 1st
Information on the decorated ware from the Fosse Malaval/Fosse Gallicanux deposit (see also entry 1404, above).
1417  Haalebos, J-K, 'La Graufesenque et les Pays Bas', Annales de Pegasus, 1990-1, 26-32
syn/lst-early 2nd
An outline history of the Roman occupation of the Netherlands is here combined with comments on the samian found. The demonstration of the gradual replacement of Arretine by South Gaulish samian (H's fig 2) is particularly graphic.
1419  Hoffmann, B and Picon, M, 'Ateius à La Graufesenque', Annales de Pegasus, 1990-1, 3-11
syn/ptp/early-mid 1st
Analysis of a number of samian vessels from La Graufesenque
and elsewhere, which bear the stamp of the Italian potter Ateius,
has distinguished between the Gaulish and Italian fabrics. It
has also demonstrated that, like the Lyon industry, La
Graufesenque had Italian links.
(Annales de Pegasus is available from: Centre Archéologique
de La Graufesenque, 12100 Millau, Aveyron, France).

Journal of Roman Pottery Studies  Vol 11, 2004 page 147
1423  Mees, A, 'Patricius I, ein Dekorateur aus La Graufesenque', Annales de Pegasus, 1990-1, 57-60 syn/ptp/ c85-110
A single La Graufesenque mould maker, stamping with a 'plain
ware' stamp in the decoration.
1424  Mees, A, 'Aktaion in Augst', Jahresberichte aus Augst und Kaiseraugst 13, 1992, 263-64
exc/set/usf/ late 1st
Discusses a form 37 stamped in the decoration by Germanus; one of the relatively few samian decorative schemes which tells a coherent story in a series of scenes.
    1427  Pferdehirt, B, 'Die römische Okkupation Germaniens un Ratiens von der zeit Tiberius zum tode Trajans', Jahrbuch des Römisch-Germanischen Zentralsmuseums Mainz 33, 1986, 221-320
The paper relates finds of South Gaulish samian to the history of a large number of sites on the German and Raetian frontier. The nature of the problem is shown in fig 1 (page 233) where a series of 'fixed' dates are given. A lot of these are dependant upon coin evidence although the British elements in this catalogue demonstrate that this is not to be taken entirely at face value - Inchtuthil, for instance, would be dated to the mid 80s with or without its coin evidence. Of particular interest is the analysis of the proportions of forms 29 and 37 on various sites and the site by site commentary which gives an overview of the south Gaulish samian from each site. The South Gaulish samian from Okarben is catalogued and illustrated. See JRPS 4, entry 1006, for a critique of P's paper.
1428  Picon, M, 'Le schema de développement propose pour l'atelier de Lezoux peut-il s'appliquer à la Graufesenque?', Annales de Pegasus, 1990-91, 33-7
Picon observes a technical change between first and second century Lezoux production. With the starting of mass export of Lezoux samian comes a standardisation of fabric accompanied (and partly achieved) by firing using tubed (muffle) kilns. He speculates that this degree of change and uniformity is most likely to have been brought about at the insistence of the negotiators. Conversely when the main export period at Lezoux ceased, the potters reverted to more simple firing methods (ie un-tubed updraught kilns). The same pattern appears to be visible at La Graufesenque and it may be that the level of uniformity in fabric and firing of 'export-period' La Graufesenque was also achieved at the behest of middlemen rather than a development brought about by the potters themselves.

Journal of Roman Pottery Studies  Vol 11, 2004 page 148
1429  Polak, M, 'Some observations on the chronology of form 29', Annales de Pegasus, 1990-91, 64-7
syn, exc/ptp/typ/ (-20-85.
Polak suggests a typology of form 29 footrings. The progression is from a slight low footring with an pronounced concavity to the quarter-round moulding within the footring and a pronounced groove on the footring (c20-55) through to a larger footring with a shallower concavity and groove (Flavian). As a useful summary, a figure shows the types and suggested dates.
1432  Tilhard, J-L, 'L'atelier de sigillée d'Espalion et ses rapports avec la Graufesenque' & 'Etat des recherches sur 1'atelier satellite d'Espalion (Aveyron)', Annales de Pegasus, 1990-91, 38-48
exc, syn/ptp/typ/lst
A preliminary publication of a samian production site, with clear links to Flavian La Graufesenque. The distribution of Espalion ware appears to be mainly in SW France but there are 

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