Study Group for Roman Pottery

Roman Pottery Bibliography

Departments of France: page 17b

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17 Charente-Maritime continued:
Journal of Roman Pottery Studies  Vol 5, 1992 page 144
1183  Berthault, F, 'Observations sur le matériel amphorique de 1'officine du Champ Cloux à Saintes', SFECAG, Actes du Congrés de Cognac, 1991, 53-58. See also entry no. 1182.
syn,exc/ptp/second half of lst-2nd/---
This is a brief discourse on the nature of amphorae, mainly of the flat-bottomed variety, made at Saintes and elsewhere in the Bordelaise region. While the material includes some locally-made versions of Dr 2-4, it is mainly composed of Gauloise 5 and Gauloise 3/5 amphorae, which are relatively small flat-bottomed vessels with fairly broad flat rims. Because small flagon-sized and somewhat larger, medium-sized versions occur as well as the amphora-sized vessels, Berthault is troubled by the definition of what ought to be called a flagon, and what ought to be an 'amphorette' or an amphora. Although his division of the same form into three separate sizes, effectively 'small', 'medium' and 'large', is based on a series of precise measurements, in the discussion which followed the paper both F Laubenheimer and A Michaud point out that his number of measureable samples was extremely small, and many vessels of intermediate sizes also appear to have been made. Since there is no direct evidence as to the contents, Berthault also appears to suggest in the discussion that these amphorae - and amphorettes and flagons - might have been used for garum or olive oil instead of wine, unlikely as that might seem. are positive or retrograde, and there is also a large diagram showing all of the recordable aspects of decorated samian vessels, and how these should be grouped in order to create a standard recording system. One must wonder if this material is being well served by the limitations of publication in a SFECAG volume: long though it is for a SFECAG paper, the textual part undoubtedly could have been much more detailed. It is to be hoped that eventually the series of papers which have appeared in recent SFECAG volumes under the direction of Philippe Bet (JRP5 3, entry no. 594 & JRPS 4, entry nos. 946-8, as well as this paper) will be brought together in a unified volume on pottery production at Lezoux.

Journal of Roman Pottery Studies  Vol 5, 1992 page 153
1236 Santrot, M-H & J, 'Soubran et Petit-Niort (Charente-Maritime), concurrence "organisée" entre potiers d'ateliers ruraux spécialisés', SFECAG, Actes du Congrés de Cognac, 1991, 83-98.
Soubran and Petit-Niort are twin villages which lie almost exactly halfway between Bordeaux and Saintes. This is a study of two recently identified pottery production centres at a distance of some four kilometres apart, which appear to have produced similar series of coarse tablewares, but which seem to have co-operated in the marketing of their products. The two illustrated ranges of wares are not identical, but at both sites one of the most important products was a large pinched-mouthed flagon, and both series also include cornice-rimmed, bag-shaped beakers. A section on 
    chemical analyses of the fabrics shows that they are chemically separable, although visually this is often not the case. It was the results of the analyses which led, therefore, to the realisation that the marketing of the respective series was not competitive, since Petit-Niort products are found at Saintes and elsewhere in Saintonge, while Soubran products are found mainly at Bordeaux and elsewhere to the south.
1237  Santrot, M-H & J, Tilhard, J-L & Tranche, P, 'La datation des céramiques du Ier siécle après J-C en Aquitaine et le camp tibérien d'Aulnay-de-Saintonge (Charente-Maritime), SFECAG, Actes du Congrés de Cognac, 1991, 119-133.
exc,syn/mil/15-40 AD/usf
This paper presents a selection of the pottery found at the Tiberian military camp at Aulnay-de-Saintonge. The broadest possible date-range is 15-40 AD, but while the coins and historical arguments suggest a more probable range of 21-28, some of the Montans samian would normally be seen as somewhat later. For such an early assemblage, it contains remarkably little material imported from outside the region: the samian ware is mainly from Montans, rather than Italy, as are the mould-decorated hemispherical bowls. One is tempted to wonder if this is not actually an early Claudian site, the problem of dating lying with the coins and historical interpretation, rather than with the pottery. This possibility provoked a lengthy and interesting discussion which follows the paper.

Journal of Roman Pottery Studies  Vol 5, 1992 page 154
1239  Simon-Hiernard, D, 'Du nouveau sur la céramique "à l'éponge"', SFECAG, Actes du Congrés de Cognac, 1991, 61-76.
syn/---/end of 2nd-6th (mainly 4th)/usf
This paper follows on from Mme Simon-Hiernard's book on pottery in the Musée de Poitiers (JRPS 4, entry no. 1005) by re-examining and taking a broader view of the most significant pottery type highlighted in that work, marbled wares from western France. While retaining (and re-printing) the typology established by Raimbault (Gallia 31, 1973, 185-206), this study looks in detail at the distribution of Aquitanian marbled wares, showing that they are found in highest concentration in Charente-Maritime, to the west and north of Poitiers. Although one outlier is noted from Switzerland, the bulk of the wares are found to the west of Paris, from the valley of the Gironde to the south to the Severn Valley in Britain, to the north. Simon-Hiernard's map indicates almost as many findspots in Britain as in Normandy and Brittany, and a remarkably high proportion of the findspots, even those in Charente-Maritime, are either on the coast or on rivers. One cannot usually say that an individual vessel must have travelled by water or by land to reach its destination, and of course most major settlements are linked to the rest of the world by both waterways and roads, but this map does certainly suggest a predominance of water transport for marbled wares. There is not much doubt about the finds from Britain and the Channel Islands.

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