Study Group for Roman Pottery

Roman Pottery Bibliography

Departments of France: page 19a

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19 Corrréze :
Journal of Roman Pottery Studies  Vol 3, 1990 page 114
650Moser, F & Tilhard, J-L, 'Un nouveau centre de production de céramique sigillée: Brive (Corrèze)', Société Française d'Etude de la Céramique Antique en Gaule, Actes du Congrès de Toulouse, 9-11 mai 1986, 1986, 93-104.
exc,syn/ptp/c80-c110/usf
sts (Brive)
Following the presentation of this paper at the 1986 meeting of the SFECAG at Toulouse, the discussion (published in a section following the paper) was opened by Main Vernhet, excavator at La Graufesenque, who said, "We have just witnessed the birth of a new child: the workshop at Brive. As with a child, one looks to see whom it resembles..." This paper concentrates on some mould-decorated figure-types, some mould-decorated bowls, and some Drag form 35/36 bowls. A much fuller report has since been published: see entry no. 651.
651Moser, F & Tilhard, J-L, 'Un nouvel atelier de sigillée en Aquitaine', Revue Aquitania Tome V. 1987, 35-121.
exc,col,syn/ptp/c80-c110/typ
sts (Brive)/eqp
See also entry no. 650. The discovery of a new samian production centre, confirmed by excavations in 1986 and by analyses of the fabrics of the vessels found, must count as a momentous event in Roman pottery studies. This is an extremely detailed publication of the results of several years' study of the evidence, which only became conclusive relatively recently, although Brive can now become the legitimate source of a considerable number of vessels
elsewhere identified as "?La Graufesenque, unusual style". The report includes a large number of figure-types, motifs, and examples of moulds and mould-decorated sherds and vessels, as well as the results of a wide range of technical analyses, and general conclusions. It is fortunate that such an important occurrence has been published so quickly, and so competently.

Journal of Roman Pottery Studies  Vol 4, 1991 page 109
963  Ferdiére, A (with Ch Gendron), 'Catalogue des poinçons décoratifs sur sigillée du "Groupe Centre-Quest", Revue Archeol du Centre de la France, T. 28 (2), 1989, 179-215.
syn/---/lst-2nd/typ
tsg (local)
See also entry no. 962. This is effectively a miniature version of George Rogers' Poteries Sigillée de la Gaule Centrale I, Les motifs nan figures (1974), for a production of sigillata known as the Centre-West Group. This is a samian production of the 1st and 2nd centuries whose products are found roughly between Orleans and Poitiers, and between Argenton-sur-Creuse and Angers, but whose actual centre of production has yet to be determined. The paper has a catalogue of some 25 pages, in which it presents all of the known mould-decorated poinçons (unlike Rogers, including all the human figures as well), many of which have clear connections with South and Central Gaulish poinçons. The importance of this production, in regional terms, would appear to be on a par with that of Brive (cf JRPS 3, entry nos. 650 & 651), although unfortunately some of the drawings in this report are not as sharp as would be desirable. Nevertheless, as Peter Webster points out below in his discussion of Guery 1990 (entry no. 969), the diffusion of these smaller production centres has been hitherto somewhat neglected, at least on this side of the Channel, and publications such as this begin to paint a much more detailed picture of the nature of samian production.
    Journal of Roman Pottery Studies  Vol 4, 1991 page 117
*1015  Vuaillat. D, Desbordes, J-M. Lintz, G. &: pautrat, Y et al, 'Limousin', Gallia Informations, 1987-88 (1), 161-211.
exc/ptp/---
cts/eqp
Reports include a local samian workshop (with moulds illustrated) from Brive la Gaillarde (Corréze) (see JRPS 3, entry nos. 650 & 651).

Journal of Roman Pottery Studies  Vol 5, 1992 page 154
1243  Tilhard, J-L, Moser, F &: picon, M, 'De Brive à Espalion: bilan des recherches sur un nouvel atelier de sigillée et sur les productions céramiques de Brive (Corrèze)', SFECAG, Actes du Congrès de Cognac, 1991, 229-258.
syn,chm,exc/lst-late 2nd/usf
tsg (Espalion & Brive)/hpb/ccc/rgh/osd
It seems that the joyous announcement by Alain Vernhet following the paper by Moser and Tilhard at Toulouse, "we have just witnessed the birth of a new child: the workshop at Brive" (see JRPS 3, entry nos. 650 & 651), was perfectly justified, but they had got the wrong baby! This paper shows that while the moulds and various fine wares found at Brive were indeed probably locally-made, the samian wares were probably made at Espalion, in the valley of the Lot to the northwest of La Graufesenque. Although the writers had had some doubts about the homogeneity of the Brive material from the start, confirmation of this surprising turnabout was possible only following an intensive programme of chemical analyses, which included examination of the kiln furniture and the moulds as well as the pottery from both sites. Obviously the full understanding of the two sites was initially hampered by the relative lack of archaeological investigations, and recent survey work has still not produced the kilns or kiln deposits which might resolve many outstanding questions, but the analyses have clarified the most important questions. While Brive does not now appear to have been a major production centre for early samian, it was undoubtedly a producer of fine wares, such as 'hairpin' barbotine-decorated beakers and rouletted bowls - material dating from the end of the 1st century through the end of the 2nd. Espalion, or, more precisely, a workshop somewhere in the region of Espalion, and probably in the Lot Valley, was undoubtedly a producer of both plain and mould-decorated samian from the reign of Tiberius (probably) to that of Domitian or early Trajan. Espalion, and also Carrade (further west on the Lot) are workshops heavily influenced by La Graufesenque -Espalion is described here as a satellite to that major production centre - whereas they show, by contrast, no influence at all of either Banassac or Montans.
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