Study Group for Roman Pottery

Roman Pottery Bibliography

Departments of France: page 63a

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63 Puy-de-Dôme :
Journal of Roman Pottery Studies  Vol 2, 1989 page 124
372  Bémont, C, Duval, A, Gautier, J & Lahanier, Ch, 'Lezoux, La Graufesenque et le potier a la rosette', Gallia XL, 239-255.
syn,chm/ptp/late 1st- early 2nd 
A relatively short but detailed analysis of the complicated transition between South and Central Gaulish manufacturing of mould-decorated goblets, supplemented by a useful programme of chemical analysis.
373  Bemont, C & Gautier, J, 'Manipulations ou forgeries? A propos de quelques poinçons-matrices', Recherches gallo-romaines I, Laboratoire de Recherche des Musees de France, Editions de la Reunion des musées nationaux, 1985, 183-218.
syn,col/---/mostly 2nd
This is a short but quite remarkable report on a group of figure-types (i.e. the punches on which the potters carved figures, which were then impressed into the moulds used to make decorated samian ware) which were subjected to analysis by thermoluminescence. The majority of the samples involved were derived from various collections conserved in the Museum of National Antiquities at St. Germain-en-Laye, the Louvre Museum and the National Museum of Ceramics at Sèvres. Although the analysis was initially prompted by suspicions about the relationships between figure-types, moulds and samian vessels all apparently made by the same potters, it was nevertheless a somewhat shocking surprise to find that roughly half the 40-odd samples were modem fakes. Most of the offending samples entered the museums from private collections (without known or verifiable archaeological origins) between roughly the 1780's (the time of the first major discoveries at Lezoux) and the 1890's. With their authenticity now properly established, the remaining other half of the samples analysed will become doubly important for the study of decorated samian! Available from Oxbow Books.
374 Bemont, C & Jacob, J-P, (editors), La terre sigillée gallo-romaine, Documents d 'Archéologie Française, Paris, 1986.
sts/cts/mvs/ets/ats/tsg, etc.
An important synthesis of what is known about the production of terra sigillata since Oswald &: pryce, this is a compilation of more than forty authors, most of whom are the excavators at one or more samian production centre. The quality of the entries is somewhat variable, although this is often merely a reflection of the quality of the archaeological investigation which has taken place at particular sites. The production centres are grouped into regions, each with a general introduction, and within each group each production centre is described according to a uniform system, including what is known about the site and its products, where the pottery can be seen, and a local bibliography. This book does not, however, make Oswald &: pryce redundant, as it lacks an overall view of the chronological evolution of particular form types: it is clear that in the 65 years since 0 &: p there has been a great deal of investigation of the kiln sites, but the most specific dating is still to be found at distant sites in Britain, Germany and elsewhere. There is also a list of potters' stamps for sites within France, as an appendix, but while this identifies the stamps with particular workshops, there is no attempt to date individual stamps or potters: this is all the more unfortunate because the general trend of most of the recent workshop excavations has been to extend the periods of production, beyond the previously accepted main floruits. To give but two examples, it is now understood that
    at La Graufesenque there were roughly six distinguishable periods of samian production between c 20 AD and c 120 AD: pottery-making at Les Martres-de-Veyre is now attested from the beginning of the 1st century AD to the end of the second but the presentation of forms, decorations and stamps makes no chronological distinctions. Available from CID, 131 Boulevard Saint-Michel, 75005 Paris.
378  Hoffmann, B & Juranek, H, 'Bestatigung der Zusammenhänge von La Graufesenque und Lezoux durch chemische und topferisch/technische Analyse des Abdrucks eines Bildstempels', Rei Cretariae Romanae Fautores, Acta XXI/XXII, 1982, 79-87.
A figure-stamp (poincon/punch) which was discovered at La Graufesenque in 1972 was found to be identical to a figure found on a Lezoux-made vessel; that the latter vessel was not actually South Gaulish is demonstrated by chemical analysis. Similarly,
Journal of Roman Pottery Studies  Vol 4, 1991 page 114
594 Bet, P & Gangloff, R, 'Les installations de potiers gallo-romains sur le site de la Z.A.C. de l'enclos à Lezoux (Puy-de-Dôme)', Société Francaise d Elude de la Céramique Antique en Gaule, Actes du Congrès de Caen, 28-31 mai, 1987, 1987, 145-158. excptp,k1n/2nd-3rd
cta (lists of potters' stamps only)
A summary of 1986 excavations at Lezoux, which revealed a number of kilns and what appears to have been part of an industrial zone devoted to pottery production, which included a sort of tile roof laid out on the ground, apparently used as an area for drying pottery vessels. Plans of the kilns and of this latter edifice are illustrated with some discussion of both, and the potters' stamps and signatures represented are listed.
*595Bet, P. Gangloff, R & Vertet, H, with the collaboration of C Mondanel & S Roussy, Les Productions Céramiques Antiques de Lezoux, Recherches sur 1es Ateliers tie Potiers de la Gaule Centrale Tome IV, Revue Arch. Sites, Hors-gene no. 32, 1987. syn,col/kln,ptpllst-4th
amp/cts/ccc/rgh/cgg/eqpmoulds/kilnfumiture/samian stamps
In the main, a catalogue of the display in the museum at Lezoux with photographs of the items. Reproduction is by offset litho. A range of samian, some colour-coated vessels, etc., along with more locally distributed wares are illustrated.
Location: Musée de Lezoux
598  Blaszkiewicz, P & Dufoumier, D, 'Caractérisation et diffusion du "gobelet sac" en Normandie, du milieu du ler a la fin du Iie siècle', Sociéty Française d Elude de la Céramique Antique en Gaule, Actes du Congrès de Caen, 28-31 mai, 1987,1987, 75-80.
exc,col,syn/trd/mid 1st-end of 2nd/typ 
A useful summary of the types of colour-coated beakers found in Normandy dating from the latter half of the 1st century to the end of the 2nd (or perhaps somewhat later, to judge by the inclusion of Trier-type 'Moselkeramik'). Chemical analyses by the authors and others (see also entry no. 670) have demonstrated that the colour-coated wares made at centres such as Lezoux, the Argonne, Jaulges/Villiers-Vineux and Trier are clealy chemically distinguishable. Examples of vessels from all of these sources have been identified in Normandy, as well as vessels probably from a local source. These latter are roughcast, cornice-rimmed beakers with a greyish fabric; all such vessels with a reddish fabric are (chemically) identified as from the Argonne.
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