Study Group for Roman Pottery

Roman Pottery Bibliography

Departments of France: page 69a

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69 Rhône :
Journal of Roman Pottery Studies  Vol 3, 1990 page 113
588  Becker, C, 'Note sur un lot d'amphores régionales du icr siècle ap. 1.-C. à Lyon (Fouille de l'îlot 24)', Figlina 7, 1986, 147-150.
exc/mjc/first half of the lst/ggp 
A short report on a deposit of amphorae from Lyons, 960 sherds in all, divided into two forms, Dressel 1 (17.5%) and Dressel 2-4 (72.5%). The important point is that all of these, as with those published in entry no. 589, have been shown by analyses to have been made 'in the region', although the precise workshop has not yet been identified.
589 Becker, C, Constantin, C, Desbat, A, Jacquin, L & Lascoux, J-P, 'Le dépôt d'amphores augustéen de Ia rue de la Favorite a Lyon', Figlina 7, 1986, 65-89.
amp/asg/ass/aly/arh/aga/ait/tsg (source not identified, but probably Lyons)
A substantial paper on amphorae found at Lyons. The forms presented are: Dressel 2-4, ('oriental', Italian & Gaulish versions, inc. one of the latter, stamped); Rhodian; Pascual 1 (Tarraconaise, inc. several stamps); Haltern 70 (Baetican); Marseillan; flat-bottomed; Dressel 7-8 (Baetican); Dressel 9 (Lyons region); Dressel 22/23 (fruit amphorae); and various 'oriental' amphorae of indeterminate origin. The large proportion of regionally-made amphorae (see also entry no. 588 suggests that wine production in the Rhône Valley may have been rather earlier than previously thought.

Journal of Roman Pottery Studies  Vol 3, 1990 page 116
610  Desbat, A, 'Céramiques romaines à glaçure plombifère de Lyon et de Vienne', Société Francaise d'Etude de la Céramique Antique en Gaule, Actes du Congrès de Toulouse, 9-11 mai 1986, 1986, 33-39.
exc,syn/mjc/late 1st BC-lst half of 2nd AD
A short paper on lead-glazed wares found in the Rhône Valley: entry no. 611 is a longer, more detailed publication of the same work, although not all of the illustrations are repeated in the latter paper. See also entry no. 676.
611  Desbat, A, 'Céramiques romaines à glacure plombifère des fouilles de Lyon (Hauts-de-Saint-Just, Rue des Farges, La Solitude)', Figlina 7, 1986, 105-124.
exc,syn/mjc/late 1st BC-lst half of 2nd AD/seq
"Abstract: Appearing on the Lyons sites as soon as the late 1st century BC, the lead-glazed wares can be classified in 3 groups: the Augustan wares, scene of which seem to have been produced locally; wares from the centre of Gaul which lasted through the whole of the 1st century AD; and a third group characterized by an often bicoloured glaze and original forms, which appeared in Lyons during the first half of the 2nd century. This last group of wares, the most numerous, are found on many sites from Spain to Italy. Their origin has often been debated; an Italian origin now seems certain." Lead-glazed wares seem generally rather less rare in central and southern Gaul than they are in Britain. This paper catalogues and illustrates a broader range of central Gaulish types than has previously been available, as well as the less well-known (in Britain) Lyons and Italian types. See also entry nos. 610 & 676.
    612 Desbat, A, 'Note sur la production d'amphores à Lyon au debut de l'empire', Société Françaase d'Etude de la Céramique Antique en Gaule, Actes du Congrès de Caen, 28-31 mai, 1987, 1987, 159-165.
exc,syn/mjc/1st BC-early 2nd AD/typ
A short paper on amphora production at Lyons. The types involved are: (1) types similar to Dressel 1; (2) to Dressel 2/4; (3) to Dressel 28; (4) to Haltern 70; and (5) to Dressel 9 or 10 (often called 'Dr 9-type'). Among the Haltern 70-type examples are what would now in Britain be called London 555-type. All of these have a pale white or light buff fabric. This is undoubtedly the beginning of a revolution in the understanding of amphora production, since almost all of these types were thought previously to have originated elsewhere, for example in Italy or southern Spain.

Journal of Roman Pottery Studies  Vol 4, 1991 page 108
958  Dangréaux, B & Desbat, A, 'Les amphores du dépotoir flavien du Bas-de-Loyasse à Lyon', Gallia, T. 45. (1987-88), 1988, 115-153.
exc,syn/mjc/cAD 70/typ
amp/aga/ait (Dr 2-4)/arh/ass
All of the amphorae which are the subject of this report, some 437 individuals in a total of more than 3000 fragments, were found in a single large deposit dated on the coins and fineware present to c70 AD. This was undoubtedly a peak period for the importation of amphorae from many different sources, and thus the report becomes a type series for late 1st century amphorae at Lyon. The arrangement is by forms within groups defined by their contents: basically there are wine amphorae, oil amphorae, fish sauce amphorae, and amphorae of unknown contents. Within each such group the arrangement is by typology, but account is also taken of the varying origins of the types - it would seem that the origins of amphorae known as Gauloise 1, Gauloise 3 and Gauloise 4 are quite obvious, although it is in fact clear that the precise sources of many Rhone Valley amphorae have yet to be determined. This paper was the first to assert that the form isolated by Sealey and Tyers, and christened 'London 555* (see entry no. 823), is not of Spanish origin, but rather is a Gaulish amphora which imitates and replaces the Spanish Haltern 70, and here it is therefore known as 'Haltern 70 similis'. A similar point is also made for a group of amphorae which clearly imitate Spanish fish sauce amphorae, nowadays known as Dr 7-11: the Gaulish versions are therefore labelled 'Dressel 9 similis'. As noted below by Martin-Kilcher (entry no. 990), it now accepted that Haltern 70, Haltern 70 similis and Augst 21 were all containers either of olives or of cooked wine, defrutum.
  : probably the most interesting aspect of the paper is the quantification, which is presented in a series of histograms at the end. The first compares the percentages of the 14 major form types, plus three indeterminate groups, and shows G4 to have been the most common amphora (30.4%), while Dr 20 was next (16.0%). In the second histogram wine is shown to have been by far the most important commodity, accounting for 64% of the vessels, while oil and fish sauces are equal at 16%. In the third histogram the contents of the amphorae at five different Lyon-region sites are compared, and one can see that wine reached as much as 80% at St Romain-en-Gal, while it was as low as 52% at La Favorite. The fourth histogram compares the amounts received at Bas-de-Loyasse from the different origins, with Gaulish amphorae clearly dominant at 75%. In the last set of histograms the sources of the
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