Study Group for Roman Pottery

Roman Pottery Bibliography

Departments of France: page 83a

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Journal of Roman Pottery Studies  Vol 4, 1991 page 107
953  Brentchaloff, D &: picon. M, 'Amphores de Fréjus-Lenzbourg: origine contrölée', SFECAG, Actes du Congrés de Mandeure- Mathay, 1990, 225-230.
An update, resulting from both further comparative investigations and chemical analyses, of entry no. 952. The former work has mainly resulted in further examples having been identified, in southern France and Switzerland; the latter work examined the compositions of 8 samples of this amphora type found at five different sites in Switzerland, and found that seven were almost certainly made at Fréjus, while for the eighth an "origine fréjusienne" could not be excluded.
954  Brulet, R," Etablissement gallo-romain à Macquenoise: thermes
et centre sidéiurgique'. Documents et Rapports de la Soc
Royale ďArchéol et de Paléontologie de Charleroi,
T. 59,
1982-85, 27- 55.
exc/bath buildings/2nd-early 3rd
cts/ets/occ (local)/amp/lcl/tng/gab/ppr
A report on a bath building complex at a site almost on the Belgian-French border, southeast of Bavay. Only 22 pottery sherds are illustrated, of which only a few are actually identified. The presence of imitations of Trier 'Moselkeramik' beakers in grey ware is of interest: these wares are increasingly being observed in northern Gaul and Gallia Belgica, and it is only a matter of time before the production centres are identified. See also entry no. 940.

Journal of Roman Pottery Studies  Vol 4, 1991 page 110
*970  Hesnard, A, Carre, M-B, Rival, M, Dangréaux. B, Chéné, A, Foliot, Ph, & collaborators, 'L'Epave romaine Grand Ribaud D (Hyéres, Var)', Archaeonautica, T. 8, 1988, entire volume.
exc/mar/late 1st BC
'Grand Ribaud D' is a shipwreck found with its cargo largely intact Dolia filled the centre of the vessel, with the bow and stem filled with Dressel 2-4 amphorae.

Journal of Roman Pottery Studies  Vol 5, 1992 page 146
1192  Borgard, P & Gateau, F, with Chedru, B & Knowles, K, 'Des amphores cannelées à Cavaillon (Vaucluse) à la fin du Ier siécle avant notre ére; nouveaux éléments pour 1'étude des "Richborough 527"', SFECAG, Actes du Congrès de Cognac, 1991, 311-328. See also entry no. 1180.
The amphora-type known as Richborough 527 is clearly enigmatic, occurring all the way from southern Italy and Sicily to Britain, but mostly occurring either as single examples or as considerable groups. This paper announces the discovery of such a considerable group at Cavaillon; a second such group, not yet published, has recently been found at Frejus (pers comm, F Laubenheimer - this group post-dates the first paper in Laubenheimer 1992, entry no. 1222); the writers mention other unpublished groups at Nîmes and in southern Italy (Williams & Arthur 1991). The vessels from Cavaillon are initially called 'rilled' amphorae (amphores cannelées), and it is clear that the form is not
    especially homogeneous. Indeed, the writers divide the type into two main categories, each with two sub-groups, plus a further group of variants. The differences are quite substantial, with some examples in their Group la having a neck and handles bearing some resemblance to a Dr 2-4, while at another extremity a variant from Vannes clearly has some affinity with a Dr 21-22 (such an affinity is also discussed in terms of possible contents). There is an appendix by K Knowles (Dept of Archaeology, University of Southampton), which reports on three Cavaillon samples submitted for petrological analysis: "In conclusion, the evidence suggests that the first sherd... originates from the same area as Richborough 527 amphorae. The two other sherds... appear to be Italian. However, all three sherds examined in thin section are different from one another and all seem to be from a different source". The third analysed sample was from a Dr 2-4 found at Cavaillon, which had a circular stamp, PVBL, apparently identical to a stamp found on a Richborough 527 from the same site. Whilst recognising that this first attempt at a global typology for the latter form must be somewhat tentative for the moment, the writers conclude that the amphorae in question, whatever their differences in fabric and form, constitute a "family" of vessels with a number of aspects in common.

Journal of Roman Pottery Studies  Vol 5, 1992 page 150
1220  Laubenheimer, F, with Béraud, I & Gébara, C, 'Les vides sanitaires et les amphores de la Porte d'Orée', Gallia, 48, 1991, 229-265. With appendices by M Picon, 'Analyses d'amphores de Fréjus', 257-9; by F Formenti, 'Recherche de résine dans les amphores', 260; and by B Liou, 'L'inscription peinte sur amphore à fond platdu sondage F', 261-3. See also entry no. 1222.
syn,exc,chm/mjc/30-40 AD & Flavian/usf
Resume: 'At Fréjus the Porte d'Orée excavations uncovered some 95 well-preserved amphorae in two underfloor spaces dating to 30-40 AD and to the Flavian period, respectively. This type of purification system created with re-used amphorae is well known in Italy, but was also used in Gaul over a considerable period. The Fréjus examples have several distinctive aspects. The amphorae present include newly recognised local products, including flat-bottomed forms of Tiberian date, a variant form of Dr 14, and a considerable series of Dr 2-4, all of which substantially broaden the known range of Fréjus-made types. This evidence brings a new understanding of the local production and exportation of wine, salted fish and fish sauce' (trans. RPS).
The site from which these two remarkable groups of amphorae derive is relatively small. Although the circumstances of deposit are somewhat different - sanitary purification might seem to have little in common with maritime disasters - the two groups have very much the look of a pair of shipwrecks which happen to have occurred on land. The study of the vessels is similarly rewarding. While these amphorae were sunk after having been emptied of their original contents, the groups were nevertheless each apparently deposited in what must have been a quite brief event, and therefore each represents a range of amphorae all in use simultaneously. The mix of local and imported vessels is interesting: the importance of Fréjus as a source of amphorae has obviously risen considerably as a result of this paper, and its accompanying scientific analyses. It is also helpful that the paper is a clear, detailed and well-illustrated presentation of the material.
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