Study Group for Roman Pottery

Roman Pottery Bibliography

Regions of France: page 8b

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Central Gaul continued:
Journal of Roman Pottery Studies  Vol 5, 1992 page 149
1217  Krekovic, E, 'Glasierte Keramik im mitteleuropäischen freien Germanien', Rei Cretariae Romanae Fautores. Acta, 29/30, 1991. 149-156. See also entry no. 1206.
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Glazed wares from north of the Danube, including vessels from East Germany, Poland and Austria, but mostly from modern Czechoslovakia. The illustrations consist of a single plate showing twelve scyphoi (two-handled bowls), mostly with barbotine-type decoration, although some apparently have moulded decoration while two are rouletted and one is stamped with ovolos while another has a more abstract stamped decoration similar to that found on Oxfordshire-ware bowls. Why the range of forms is so limited is a matter of considerable interest. Similar forms, with a similarly limited range, are also known to have made at Tarsus and Smyrna in Asia Minor, but these clearly contrast with the ranges represented in Central Gaul and in Pannonia (see entry no. 1206).

Journal of Roman Pottery Studies  Vol 5, 1992 page 155
*1247  Vertet, H, 'Religion populaire et rapport au pouvoir d'après les statuettes d'argile Arvernes sous 1'empire romain du He siècle', in Daubigny, A, (ed), Archéologie et rapports sociaux en Gaule, Protohistoire et Antiquité, 1984, 77-122.
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The divinities made in Central Gaulish pipeclay are different from stone and metal representations. Vertet explores what this may mean, looking at the position of the statuette makers in Gallo-Roman society, the pantheons of deities current in Gaul and the potters' repertoire (a fourth pantheon). This is a useful summary of the Vertet's thoughts on the organisation and development of rural Central Gaulish pottery production as well as an interpretation that uses figurines as a way into key aspects of the Gallo-Roman world.
1248  Vertet, H, 'Observations sur la sociologie et 1'économie des ateliers de potiers gallo-romains du centre de la Gaule',
SFECAG, Actes du Congrès de Cognac, 1991, 185-191.
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This is a thoughtful examination of the development of the pottery industries in Gaul - Central Gaul in particular - and on the social and economic status of the potters. The installation of the industries in South Gaul, Central Gaul and Lyon in the early 1st century were all deliberate acts, requiring substantial capital investments, at places where there was little or no previous tradition of pottery production. A similar sort of investment was also needed in Central Gaul in the early 2nd century, when the potters began using a calcareous clay and the industry was re-organised. Vertet suggests that the initial investments must have been undertaken by Romans directly, while the later investments may have come from wealthy Gauls. In either case, however, the potters themselves were relatively poor, although not slaves - Vertet quotes Finley, who speaks of peasants who were "neither slaves nor free men". It is also worth noting Vertet's complaint (in footnote 2) that this is a subject which is no longer receiving the attention it deserves: some thirty years ago the CNRS created three posts to cover the production centres of South, Central and East Gaul, respectively; two of the three original occupants are now retired, and have not been replaced.
   

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