Study Group for Roman Pottery

Roman Pottery Bibliography

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Journal of Roman Pottery Studies  Vol 5, 1992 page 143
1174  Garrod, S, 'Analysis of amphora linings from the Roman shipwreck at Plemmirio, Sicily', undergraduate dissertation, University of Bradford.
   "The Plemmirio B shipwreck lies across rocky gullies filled with sand at the base of cliffs near Costa Bianca de Plemmirio, Siracusa, Sicily. It has been dated from pottery to the first decade of the Third Century AD. The site is scattered but is regarded as an almost complete record of the cargo carried at the time of wrecking. Thus the wreck is very important to the study of economic changes occurring in this period. The cargo mainly consists of Africana 1 and Africana 2A amphorae. Selected sherds from these amphorae, and several standard sherds for comparison, were examined for traces of organic residue. After extraction of organic samples from the linings, they were examined using elemental analysis and thin layer chromatography. These techniques proved useful as forms of initial investigation. Fourier transform infra-red spectrometry, provided the most useful data. All the linings proved to be derived from pinus sources such as pine rosin or tar. It was hoped that determination of linings present would indicate the contents carried. Combination with other form of archaeological investigation will increase the worth of studying organic linings and residues." Journal of Roman Pottery Studies  Vol 5, 1992 page 144
1180   Arthur, P, 'On the origins of Richborough form 527', in Anfore Roman e Storia Economica: un Recennio di Richerche, Collection de l'écolefrançaise de Rome, 114, 1989,249-256. See also entry no. 1192. 
syn/---/1st, later 2nd-early 3rd, ?late 4th
A summary of the evidence for the production of this wide-mouthed amphora type at Pozzuoli, in Campania. "Thus, though this paper has not definitely proved a Campanian origin for the amphora form Richborough 527 and its apparent successor, the evidence would seem to suggest, with a strong degree of likelihood, that it originated from the Campi Flegrei/Pozzuoli and not from France" (254). While as yet there are no kiln wasters, recent finds at Puteoli have begun "to alter the northern-biased distributional trend". "As far as regards Peacock's doubts about a Campanian provenance on petrological grounds, it is worth remembering that he compared the petrological makeup of the vessels with the Somma/ Vesuvius and Roccamonfina volcanic complexes, but not with that of the Phlegrean Fields which possess a different geological history. The absence of leucitic rocks in the fabric, whilst thus excluding the former as probable source areas for the clays, by no means excludes Campania, as the Campi Flegrei are indeed characterised by an absence of leucites, whilst having rocks of trachytic type" (252-3). Arthur also discusses the possible contents of the form, suggesting that liquid products may have been unlikely, and he notes a possible link with Dressel 21-22 amphorae, which may have contained dried fruit, the most likely varieties being figs, nuts or raisins.
    Journal of Roman Pottery Studies  Vol 5, 1992 page 146
1192  Borgard, P & Gateau, F, with Chedru, B & Knowles, K, 'Des amphores cannelées à Cavaillon (Vaucluse) à la fin du Ier siécle avant notre ére; nouveaux éléments pour 1'étude des "Richborough 527"', SFECAG, Actes du Congrès de Cognac, 1991, 311-328. See also entry no. 1180.
The amphora-type known as Richborough 527 is clearly enigmatic, occurring all the way from southern Italy and Sicily to Britain, but mostly occurring either as single examples or as considerable groups. This paper announces the discovery of such a considerable group at Cavaillon; a second such group, not yet published, has recently been found at Frejus (pers comm, F Laubenheimer - this group post-dates the first paper in Laubenheimer 1992, entry no. 1222); the writers mention other unpublished groups at Nîmes and in southern Italy (Williams & Arthur 1991). The vessels from Cavaillon are initially called 'rilled' amphorae (amphores cannelées), and it is clear that the form is not especially homogeneous. Indeed, the writers divide the type into two main categories, each with two sub-groups, plus a further group of variants. The differences are quite substantial, with some examples in their Group la having a neck and handles bearing some resemblance to a Dr 2-4, while at another extremity a variant from Vannes clearly has some affinity with a Dr 21-22 (such an affinity is also discussed in terms of possible contents). There is an appendix by K Knowles (Dept of Archaeology, University of Southampton), which reports on three Cavaillon samples submitted for petrological analysis: "In conclusion, the evidence suggests that the first sherd... originates from the same area as Richborough 527 amphorae. The two other sherds... appear to be Italian. However, all three sherds examined in thin section are different from one another and all seem to be from a different source". The third analysed sample was from a Dr 2-4 found at Cavaillon, which had a circular stamp, PVBL, apparently identical to a stamp found on a Richborough 527 from the same site. Whilst recognising that this first attempt at a global typology for the latter form must be somewhat tentative for the moment, the writers conclude that the amphorae in question, whatever their differences in fabric and form, constitute a "family" of vessels with a number of aspects in common.

Journal of Roman Pottery Studies  Vol 5, 1992 page 147
+ 1197 Dell'Orto, L F & Varone, A, (eds), Rediscovering Pompeii, L'Erma di Bretscheider, Rome 1992.
exc.col.exhibition catalogue/mjc/---
An exhibition catalogue with parallel Italian and English texts. Entries 115-143 are all pottery, mostly previously unpublished and include both plain and decorated wares, glazed and moulded pieces. Other pottery entries include a samian inkwell (53) and a pot with "magic" symbols added en barbotine (52), lamps (69-79) and vessels with contents (81-4 with food, 16-24 with painting colours).

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