Karen E., 'Market Exchange Systems within the' Roman economy
of the first and second centuries A.D.', Ph.D. Thesis,
University of Newcastle, 1986.
As part of a general examination of the exchange systems of the
Empire this research utilizes the evidence of a specific set of
ceramic data to test an heuristic hypothesis concerning the
presence and importance of market exchange systems within the
Roman economy. The ceramic data employed is from an area of
Northamptonshire and analysis is preceeded by a resume of the
archaeology and pottery of that county. The analysis concludes
that market exchange systems were indeed operative during the
second century in Northamptonshire. Part IIII of the thesis
takes this conclusion as a starting point for reassessing
archaeological models of the Romano-British economy and then
extends the discussion to incorporate the Roman economy as a
Location: Northampton Central Museum
577Halkon, Peter, 'Aspects of the
Romano-British landscape around Holme on Spalding Moor, East
Yorkshire', M.A. Thesis, University of Durham, 1987.
exc,wbf,flw,csf/rrs,kln,ptp,fls/essentially late 2nd-late
grc/eym/hsm (grey wares)
The research examined the extent and nature of RB settlement and
industry within a specific landscape context. Prior to this
study there had been little fieldwork within this area.
Systematic fieldwalking resulted in the identification and
recording of 106 RB sites, 37 of which being kiln sites. A
comprehensive fabrics/forms types series was established for
this important industry. This was based upon assemblages from
excavated sites (Hasholme Hall, Throlam and Bursea House).
Location: Hull City Museums
578 Heron, C, 'The analysis of organic residues from
archaeological ceramics', PhD Thesis, University of Wales,
This research has examined organic residues from a
wide range of ceramics, including but by no means limited to
vessels of the Roman period. Two chapters of the thesis of
particular interest here deal with the analysis of 'visible'
and 'non-visible' organic residues recovered from
'early' imported amphorae found in Britain. Since many
residues, whether visible or non-visible relate to lining or
sealing, much of the discussion concerns amphora packaging
rather than contents. The results of the chemical analyses are
related to both the archaeological and the documentary evidence.
: precis of Chapter Two: 'The Analysis of
Organic Sealants from Roman Transport Amphorae'.
"This chapter presents the results of the
analysis of a large number of preserved linings from a variety
of different amphora types. Detailed compositional studies have
been undertaken in order to learn their origin. The chemistry
and degradation of resin, tar and pitch, as well as mastic and
bitumen, is discussed. In order to present an overall survey of
likely sealants fourteen previous studies are cited and
discussed. Documentary and archaeological evidence for the
production and exploitation of these substances is included.
The correlation between the presence of a resinous
||sealant and the likely
contents of an amphora is addressed as is similar evidence for
jars remaining unlined".
: precis of Chapter Three: 'The Analysis of
'Non-visible' Organic Residues from Transport Amphorae'.
"Using samples taken from amphorae which
exhibit no trace of adhering organic residue it has proved
possible to detect remnant traces of oils and resinous compounds
from some amphora sherds. The chemistry and degradation of fats
and oils are discussed in this chapter and all relevant studies
reviewed. Analysis indicates that comparative sampling, ie the
comparison of samples taken from the amphora wall and vessel
handles - not expected to have come in contact with the contents
- is essential, in order to evaluate the possibility of
'contamination'. This may arise from post-depositional
interference, excessive handling, long- term storage in plastic
"Whilst some samples yield substantial
quantities of oil or resin, the detection of other organics has
met with difficulty (such as fish sauce or defrutum). It
is argued that amphorae used to transport these commodities were
also lined (ie sealed) with resin or pitch. The archaeological
and documentary evidence for this is discussed. Furthermore
there is evidence that solid organic commodities such as olives,
fish, dates and figs were bottled in liquid media or
preservatives within amphorae that had been internally lined
with resin or pitch".
Publication: Heron, C &: pollard, A M, 'The Analysis of
Natural Resinous Materials from Roman Amphorae', in Slater, E
A & Tate, J O (eds), Science and Archaeology, Glasgow
1987, B.A.R. British Series 196, 429-447.
579 Paulin, Keith, 'Pottery and settlement in
Romano-British Northamptonshire', Undergraduate Dissertation,
University of Durham, 1986.
flw,rrs/late 1st-late 4th
This dissertation comprises an analysis of 66 RB pottery
assemblages collected during a field survey programme covering
the northern parishes of Northamptonshire. These assemblages
were quantified and the data used to establish aspects of site
settlement and chronology. The distribution of the products of
the Nene Valley industries within Northamptonshire was examined
and patterning isolated and discussed.
Location: Cambridge, (part of the Fenland Field Survey archive)
580 Rattray, R, 'Kilns at Weekley, Northants',
Post-excavation Studies Diploma dissertation, University of
Leicester, 1981. exc/kln/Phase 3 of exc, third quarter of 1st
Fourteen kilns are identified. Twelve fabrics were distinguished
under three basic categories. These were fossil-shell tempered
quartz tempered and grog and quartz tempered fabrics. Form types
present included storage jars, channel-rimmed jars and
'native' imitations of 'Belgic' forms. The assemblage
amounts to 1723 sherds.
581Reynolds, Paul, 'Late
Roman pottery and settlement in the Vinalopo Valley (Alicante,
Spain)', Ph.D. Thesis, University of London Institute of
Archaeology, in preparation.
Coarse Ware - Full Typology 5th-9th C.
- "Guide to Pottery: Augustan - 2nd C."
African Red Slip Ware - complete coverage, ie. late lst-6th.